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Object Alone
Chabad Synagogue in Saratov
Object Detail

Building Date
2010s

Synagogue active dates

Reconstruction Dates

Architect/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)

Community

Location
Russia | Saratov (Саратов)
| 63 Gogolia St.

Style
Unknown|

Material/Technique

Construction Material
Brick

Summary and Remarks

Suggested Reconsdivuction

History/Provenance

A “military” prayer house existed in Saratov already in 1845, but in 1858 it was shut down. For the next several decades, the Jews of the city petitioned for opening a synagogue, and the 1896 petition lobbied by the crown rabbi of Tsaritsyn (today Volgograd) was granted. The synagogue at 63 Gogolia St. was built in 1897 and was an impressive building with a dome above the entrance. Initially, Litvaks and Hasidim prayed under one roof, but in 1902, the Hasidic community (52 members) received permission to pray separately in a rented house (Tsyganskaia St, today Kutiakova St.).

The synagogue was severely damaged in the pogrom of October 19–20, 1905.

In 1907, the community completely reconstructed the synagogue in the NeoMoorish style and erected a prominent dome above the prayer hall. The interior was likewise designed in the Neo-Moorish style and organized according to the “choral mode of worship,” with the bimah placed in front of the Torah ark.

The synagogue was closed by the Soviet authorities in 1939 and later rebuilt as a factory.

The Chabad community demolished the remains of the old building and constructed a replica of the Neo-Moorish synagogue of 1907 according to preserved photographs. However, the interior arrangement is very different from the original prayer hall. The inauguration of this synagogue took place in 2022.


Condition

Present Usage
Synagogue

Present Usage Details

Historical significance: Event/Period

Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore

Historical significance: Person

Architectural Significance: Style

Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration

Urban significance

Significance Rating
1 (Local)

Condition of Building Fabric
A (Good)

Bibliography

Levin, Vladimir and Anna Berezin, Jewish Material Culture along the Volga
Preliminary. Expedition Report (The Center for Jewish Art, 2021), https://cja.huji.ac.il/home/pics/projects/CJA_Report_on_the_Volga_expedition_2021.pdf (accessed June 6, 2023)

Levin, Vladimir and Anna Berezin, “Jewish Prayer in the Heart of Russia: Synagogues along the Volga,” Ars Judaica 18 (2022): 111–44, https://doi.org/10.3828/arsjudaica.2022.18.6.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Biography

Photographer
Photograph Date
2021

Remarks

0 Coordinates: 51.538570, 46.026497